Chris Langer – Center For Disability Access – Example Lawsuit
The following is an example lawsuit filed by serial filer Chris Langer, all throughout Northern California. Langer is represented by attorneys Amanda Seabock and Dennis Price alleging closed captioning accessibility unavailable. Center for Disability Access is well known for filing lawsuits under the American Disabilities Act. Langer files in the Northern District of California Federal Court.
CENTER FOR DISABILITY ACCESS
Amanda Seabock, Esq., SBN 289900
Prathima Price, Esq., SBN 321378
Dennis Price, Esq., SBN 279082
Mail: 8033 Linda Vista Road, Suite 200 San Diego, CA 92111
(858) 375-7385; (888) 422-5191 fax
Attorneys for Plaintiff
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
Scott Johnson Case No.
Complaint For Damages And
Injunctive Relief For Violations
Of: Americans With Disabilities
Act; Unruh Civil Rights Act
Plaintiff Chris Langer complains of (Your Corporation/LLC) a California Corporation; and alleges as follows:
1. Plaintiff is a disabled individual and a member of a protected class of
persons under the Americans with Disabilities Act. Plaintiff is profoundly hard
of hearing and needs closed captioning to consume audio content such as
movies, videos or tutorials. Plaintiff is a California resident.
2. Defendant XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX owned or operated XXXXXXX, located in XXXXXX, in Month, Year.
3. Defendant XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Center owns or operates XXXXXXX, located in XXXXXX, currently.
4. Defendant XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX owned or operated XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX website, with a root domain of: (URL) (“Website”) in Month, Year.
5. Defendant XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Center owns or operates the Website
6. Plaintiff does not know the true names of Defendants, their business
capacities, their ownership connection to the property and business, or their
relative responsibilities in causing the access violations herein complained of,
and alleges a joint venture and common enterprise by all such Defendants.
Plaintiff is informed and believes that each of the Defendants herein, is
responsible in some capacity for the events herein alleged or is a necessary
party for obtaining appropriate relief. Plaintiff will seek leave to amend when
the true names, capacities, connections, and responsibilities of the
Defendants are ascertained.
JURISDICTION & VENUE:
7. The Court has subject matter jurisdiction over the action pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 1331 and § 1343(a)(3) & (a)(4) for violations of the Americans with
Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. § 12101, et seq. (“ADA”)
8. This court has supplemental jurisdiction over Plaintiff’s non-federal
claims pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367 because Plaintiff’s Unruh claims are
formed from the same case and/or controversy and are related to Plaintiff’s
ADA claims. A violation of the ADA is a violation of Unruh. (Cal. Code §51(f).
9. Venue is proper in this court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b). Defendant
is subject to personal jurisdiction in this District due to its business contacts
with the district.
10. Plaintiff is hard of hearing and is a member of a protected class under
11. Plaintiff relies on subtitles and closed captioning to hear audio in
12. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX operates privileges, goods or services out
of a physical location in California. These goods and services are open to the
public, places of public accommodation, and business establishments.
13. The Website is a nexus between XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX customers, and the terrestrial based privileges, goods or services offered by XXXXXXXXXXXXX.
14. XXXXXXXXXXXXX offers videos on its website to induce customers to avail of its goods and services and to provide ideas on how to best use them. Websites and videos are some of the facilities, privileges, or advantages offered by Defendants to patrons of XXXXXXXXXXXXX.
15. Plaintiff was a prospective customer who wished to access Defendant’s
goods and services.
16. Plaintiff visited the Website in Month Year to look for information
about the XXXXXXXXXXXXX.
17. When Plaintiff attempted to view video content on the Website, he
discovered that the videos lacked closed captioning, which made him unable to fully understand and consume the contents of the videos.
18. Plaintiff experienced difficulty and discomfort in attempting to view
videos including: “Introductory Video”. As a result of this inaccessibility, he was deterred from further use of the Website.
19. Currently, the Defendants either fail to provide an accessible website or
Defendants have failed to maintain in working and useable conditions those
website features required to provide ready access to persons with disabilities.
20. Despite multiple attempts to access the Website using Plaintiff’s computer, Plaintiff has been denied the full use and enjoyment of the facilities, goods, and services offered by Defendants as a result of the accessibility barriers.
21. Plaintiff personally encountered accessibility barriers and has actual
knowledge of them.
22. By failing to provide an accessible website, the Defendants denied
Plaintiff full and equal access to the facilities, privileges or advantages offered
to their customers.
23. Plaintiff has been deterred from returning to the website as a result of
these prior experiences.
24. The failure to provide accessible facilities created difficulty and
discomfort for the Plaintiff.
25. If the Website had been constructed equally accessible to all individuals,
Plaintiff would have been able to navigate the website and avail himself of its
goods and services.
26. Additionally, Plaintiff is a tester in this litigation and seeks future
compliance with all federal and state laws. Plaintiff will return to the Website
to avail himself of its goods and services and to determine compliance with the
disability access laws once it is represented to him that XXXXXX and Website are accessible.
27. Plaintiff is currently deterred from doing so because of Plaintiff’s
knowledge of the existing barriers and uncertainty about the existence of yet
other barriers on the Website. If the barriers are not removed, Plaintiff will face unlawful and discriminatory barriers again.
28. The barriers identified above violate easily accessible, well-established
industry standard guidelines for making digital content accessible to people
with hearing-impairments to access websites. Given the prevalence of websites that have implemented these standards and created accessible digital content, it is readily achievable to construct an accessible website without undue burden on XXXXXXXXXX or a fundamental alteration of the purpose of the Website.
29. Compliance with W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
(“WCAG”) 2.0 AA standards is a viable remedy for these deficiencies and a
standard that has been adopted by California courts for website accessibility.
30. It’s been established that failure to remove inaccessible website
conditions violates the ADA and California law and requiring compliance with
industry access standards is a remedy available to the Plaintiff.
31. The website content was intentionally designed, and based on information and belief, it is the Defendants’ policy and practice to deny Plaintiff access to the website, and as a result, deny the goods and services that are otherwise available to patrons of XXXXXXXX.
32. Due to the failure to construct and operate the website in line with
industry standards, Plaintiff has been denied equal access to Defendant’s
remodeling showroom and the various goods, services, privileges,
opportunities and benefits offered to the public by XXXXXXXX.
33. Closed captioning can be provided at little cost, sometimes free or mere
dollars per minute of video content.
34. Given the nature of the barriers and violations alleged herein, the Plaintiff alleges, on information and belief, that there are other violations and barriers on the Website that relate to his disability. In addition to the barriers he personally encountered, Plaintiff intends to seek removal of all barriers on the Website that relate to his disability. See Doran v. 7-Eleven (9th Cir. 2008) 524 F.3d 1034 (holding that once a plaintiff encounters one barrier, they can sue to have all barriers that relate to their disability removed regardless of whether they personally encountered the barrier).
35. Plaintiff will amend the complaint, to provide further notice regarding the scope of the additional demanded remediation in the event additional barriers are uncovered through discovery. However, please be on notice that the plaintiff seeks to have all barriers related to his disability remedied.
I. FIRST CAUSE OF ACTION: VIOLATION OF THE AMERICANS
WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1990 (On behalf of Plaintiff and against all
Defendants.) (42 U.S.C. section 12101, et seq.)
36. Plaintiff re-pleads and incorporates by reference, as if fully set forth
again herein, the allegations contained in all prior paragraphs of this
complaint. Defendant is a public accommodation with the definition of Title
III of the ADA, 42 USC § 12181.
37. The website provided by the Defendant is a service, privilege or
advantage and extension of XXXXXXXXXX physical presence and terrestrial services.
38. When a business provides services such as a website, it must provide an
39. Here, access to an accessible website has not been provided. A failure to
provide an accessible website is unlawful discrimination against persons with
40. Under the ADA, it is an act of discrimination to fail to ensure that the privileges, advantages, accommodations, facilities, goods and services of any place of public accommodation is offered on a full and equal basis by anyone who owns, leases, or operates a place of public accommodation. See: 42 U.S.C. § 12182(a). Discrimination is defined, inter alia, as follows: “A failure to make reasonable modifications in policies, practices, or procedures, when such modifications are necessary to afford goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations to individuals with disabilities, unless the accommodation would work a fundamental alteration of those services and facilities. 42 U.S.C. § 12182(b)(2)(A)(ii).”
41. Here, the failure to ensure that the accessible facilities were available
and ready to be used by the plaintiff is a violation of the law.
42. Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 12188 and the remedies, procedures and rights
set forth and incorporated therein, Plaintiff requests relief as set forth below.
II. SECOND CAUSE OF ACTION: VIOLATION OF THE UNRUH CIVIL
RIGHTS ACT (On behalf of Plaintiff and against all Defendants.) (Cal. Civ.
Code § 51-53.)
43. Plaintiff repleads and incorporates by reference, as if fully set forth again herein, the allegations contained in all prior paragraphs of this complaint. The Unruh Civil Rights Act (“Unruh Act”) guarantees, inter alia, that persons with disabilities are entitled to full and equal accommodations, advantages, facilities, privileges, goods, or services in all business establishment of every kind
whatsoever within the jurisdiction of the State of California. Cal. Civ. Code §51(b).
44. The Unruh Act provides that a violation of the ADA is a violation of the
Unruh Act. Cal. Civ. Code § 51(f).
45. Defendants’ acts and omissions, as herein alleged, have violated the
Unruh Act by, inter alia, denying, or aiding, or inciting the denial of, Plaintiff’s
rights to full and equal use of the accommodations, advantages, facilities,
privileges, goods, or services offered.
46. Because the violation of the Unruh Civil Rights Act resulted in difficulty,
discomfort or embarrassment for the plaintiff, the defendants are also each responsible for statutory damages, i.e., a civil penalty. Cal. Civ. Code §55.56(a)-(c).
47. Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 12188 and the remedies, procedures and rights
set forth and incorporated therein, Plaintiff requests relief as set forth below.
Wherefore, Plaintiff prays that this Court award damages and provide
relief as follows:
1. A Declaratory Judgment that at the commencement of this action Defendants were in violation of the requirements of the ADA due to Defendants’ failures to take action to ensure that its websites were fully accessible to and independently usable by hearing-impaired individuals, including providing closed-captioning on all video content containing audio elements.
2. For equitable nominal damages for violation of civil rights. See Uzuegbunam v. Preczewski, 141 S.Ct. 792 (2021) and any other equitable relief the Court finds appropriate.
3. Pursuant to 42 U.S.C § 12181, a preliminary and permanent injunction enjoining Defendants from violating the ADA with respect to its website, including a requirement that all current and future audio-video content be closed captioned at the time of upload.
4. Damages under the Unruh Civil Rights Act § 511, which provides for actual damages and a statutory minimum of $4,000 for each offense.
5. Reasonable attorney fees, litigation expenses and costs of suit, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 12205; and Cal. Civ. Code § 52.
Dated: Month, Day, Year CENTER FOR DISABILITY ACCESS
Amanda Seabock, Esq
Attorney for Plaintiff